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Educational Program

Description of the Centres

Childcare Centres are the Installations of Non Profit Corporations that holds Operation Permit from Kativik Regional Government.

Childcare Centre’s are administered by an Elected Board of Directors. Majority of two-thirds are Board Members, in which the parents of children who attend the Centre.

Childcare Centres are equipped with rooms that are following the Ratio Regulations which are indicated on the Permit.

According to the size of the building the ratio is determined and shows on the Permit of the Centre with these important content:

  • 1 Educator has to have 5 babies’ aged 3-17months under her care.
  • 1 Educator has to have 8 children aged 18-60 months under her care.

But following the abilities of the educators the Board of Directors make decisions as to how many children they will care for but still aiming to reach the goal.

General Objectives of the Centre’s

The principal objective of the Centers is to provide a happy, healthy and stimulating environment for children between the ages of 3 months to kindergarten entry; and most importantly a safe environment.

The work of the Childcare Educators primarily consist of

  • Planning and leading educational activities designed to promote the overall harmonious development of the children. Integrate and emphasizing the inuit culture.
  • Maintaining a safe environment for children including the playgrounds; hallways; washrooms; even the entry ways.
  • Fulfilling the needs of the children in terms of care, nutrition, hygiene and sleep.
  • Attentive for possible problems for children that can effect their development.
  • Supporting the children with specific needs in keeping with professionals intervention plans.
  • Be interactive and supportive with parents.
  • Collaborating with the team of educators and the Childcare Centre’s Administration or any other outside organizations that have been invited to team up with the educators.

Values

Our program is based on the needs of Inuit Children and on the nature of their surroundings. The program is shaped and influenced by the following Values that respect the cultural priorities and are an extension of the education which Inuit parents aspire to provide for their children in their first years.

  • Self confidence
  • Respect for the older people especially elders; others and the environment
  • Health in every aspect
  • Sharing with others
  • Inuttitut language
  • Creativity
  • Problem solving and resourcefulness

Program

Childcare Centre’s are applying and should apply Educational Program of the Ministère de La Famille et de l’Enfance du Québec through Kativik Regional Government which have integrated the inuit culture.

The educators are responsible for the activity plans of their group, for the play material’s, supplies and their daily schedule. The activity plans are based on the educational program as adapted to the development age of the children in each group as well as their culture.

Each day, the Educators prepare and have to prepare activities that aid the child’s overall development and give the children opportunities to become aware of their Inuit Culture. These activities are usually done within the same age group, but sometimes activities are also planned for multi aged group; in this case with the guidance of the childcare educator, the children discuss what activities they want to do during the day.

General Orientations of the Childcare Centre’s

Each area of child development is enhanced through an activity program that balances “structured” with “unstructured” play activities. How a child meets the challenge of each stage of development depends on the influences in their environment and each child’s unique character.

Childcare Centre’s program is dedicated to providing each child with the opportunity to meet these challenges fully. Our program provides support for each child with a special emphasis on:

  • Communication Skills
  • Clear, Consistent and Constant Guidance
  • Problem Solving, Negotiation and Conflict Resolution
  • Building Positive Self-Esteem
  • Empowerment

The following are some ideas from which Childcare Educators and Children may choose.

Examples of Activities

Climbing, sliding, exploring, balancing and other activities using balls, bicycling, sand, snow and water. Inuttitut Language and Culture can be reinforced through activities related to the environment: for example trips on the land, observing animal tracks, setting up a small tent or igloo, picking berries, fishing etc.

Imaginative Play: Example

Playing with trucks and cars, ski-doos, airplanes, dolls, blocks animal figures, puppets role playing, dress up in traditional clothes etc.

Musicals: Example

Rhythm instruments, song tapes, etc. Inuttitut Language and Culture can be reinforced through singing dancing and drumming.

Story Telling: Examples

All kinds of stories are good for children. The Inuttitut Language and Culture will be reinforced through stories told by an Elder. A community resource person or a parent can tell the history of the Inuit with Videos, Music, Pictures etc. Visitors to the Community can tell about themselves and where they live etc.

Arts and Crafts

All kinds of painting, cutting, pasting, mural making and collages etc. are beneficial for children. The Inuttitut Language and Culture will be reinforced through visits from the local artists.

Cognitive Activities

Sequencing using memory and logic games. Sorting and classifying different shapes that can be found indoors and outdoors.

Example of the Daily Schedule of the Childcare Centres for the older group

It is very important if the Educators get to work 15 minutes before the centre opens for the parents.

8:30 Welcoming of the Children and their Parents

9:00 Children washing hands and then having breakfast. Having conversations during meal in order to have a good day.

It is very important to have water in place for the children to drink whenever they’re thirsty keeping in mind that it helps the body in many ways.

10:00 Circle time discussing what they’ll do during the day

10:30 Outdoor activities

It is very important to take children outdoors for the reason that they need fresh air and they are more relaxed when it’s time for rest and nap.

11:30 Wash hands and then lunch time

12:00 Toileting and then resting time

It is very important for the children to wash hands after each toileting to avoid sicknesses.

1:00 Wake up time and then quiet activity

It is very important not to exceed to more then 1 hour on their nap time for the reason that some children have a hard time falling asleep during the evening when it is also quite important to go to bed early for health reasons.

2:30 Wash hands and then snack time

3:00 Brushing teeth

3:30 Planned Activity

It is very important to squeeze in fun, exciting activities with every chance they have keeping in mind that they are calmer during the day when they’re kept busy and that they learn through play.

4:30 Toys away

5:00 Picked up by parents

This schedule is adapted to the children’s individual needs and the routine may vary accordingly.

Infants and Toddlers Program

Infants and toddlers are very special and precious at the Childcare Centre. For infants, the same Educational Program described previously is applied, but the activities and approach is adapted to respect their developmental age. Routine activities take a large part in their daily lives.

Hygiene

Objective: The child and his/her environment must be kept clean.

Activities that can be done:

  • Change the diaper when dirty and wash the child
  • Changing dirty clothes
  • Wipe noses, wash faces and hands after meals
  • Apply appropriate disinfectant measures

Attitudes and Behaviour:

  • Doing all routine tasks in a happy and stimulating manner

Nutrition

Objective: Respect the menu schedule and the children’s natural appetite.

Respect the child’s routine in bottle feeding

Activities that can be done:

  • Discuss with the parents and follow the child’s routine
  • Ask the parents to make the child’s schedule
  • Give the bottle in the arms if it’s possible
  • Fill out the routine sheet each day by observing the child’s behaviour
  • Allow the child to manipulate the food, the spoon or the cup
  • Allow the child taste a variety of foods
  • Name and identify the food to the child

Toilet Training

Objective: Make the child aware that he or she has urinated or made a stool.

Activities that can be done:

  • Make the emphasis on how good it feels to be in a clean diaper
  • When changing the diaper, show the child that the diaper is dirty
  • Ask the parents to participate in the process of toilet training

Attitudes and Behaviour:

  • Positive attitude when changing the diaper
  • Patience when toilet training
  • Positive reinforcement when child asks for the potty

Nap period

Objective: Follow the rhythm of the child

Make sure the bed is always clean

Activities that can be done:

  • massage period before putting the child in the bed
  • play soft music
  • hang mobile near the bed

Attitudes and Behaviour - good ventilation in the sleeping room

  • make sure that the beds are clean and secure, if child does not sleep, allow the child to play in the playroom with surveillance
  • give the bottle to the infant before nap period

Social and Emotional Development

A: Interaction between Children

Objective: Create a Childcare Environment that encourages positive interactions between the children, help them to socialize and to assert themselves.

Activities that can be done:

  • organize and change the environment regularly
  • give them different materials (blocks, toys, etc.)
  • reduce the waiting or worrying periods
  • reinforce good behaviour and respectful gestures towards the other children

B: Interaction between adult and child

Objective: Be as participant as much as she could when the children are doing activities.

Be as affectionate and respectful as a parent would.

Encourage the presence of the other adults to visit the room to play with all the children.

Activities that can be done:

  • smiling at them
  • treating them with tenderness and care
  • talking with a soft voice
  • participating in play with the children
  • inviting parents to come as much as possible and have interact with the children
  • be aware and able to recognize the child’s needs
  • be calm and patient

Gross motor development

Objective: Develop and reinforce the concept of the whole body.

Activities that can be done:

  • physical exercises
  • place the child in different positions on a mat in front of a mirror
  • help the child relax by massaging the body
  • stimulate the child with toys to catch, or toys that encourage the child to stretch out and reach with their arms and feet
  • provide objects that the child can lift by himself

Fine motor development

Objective: Promote hand manipulation and gripping of objects.

Activities that can be done:

  • hold, explore, take and throw an object (small balls)
  • change the place and the position of the child
  • encourage the child to manipulate a spoon, a plate or a plastic glass
  • hit and shake objects on another surface
  • manipulate play-doh
  • finger painting  or painting with a large brush
  • tear paper
  • push and pull toys
  • stack and build objects

Cognitive development

A: Memory

Objective: Develop the visual and auditory memory.

Activities that can be done:

  • songs, history toys
  • musical instruments
  • identify the environment
  • imitation of the animals or an object sound
  • ask questions to the child

B: Language

Objective: We want the child to be able to say approximately ten words by the age of 18 months.

Activities that can be done:

  • always call the child by his/her name
  • name a lot of objects in the room
  • identify the body parts by their name
  • allow the child play with sounds

C: Sensory perception

Objective: Help the child to develop the maximum capacity of her/his senses

Activities that can be done:

  • identify new objects with the child
  • encourage the child to imitate you in tasting new foods
  • touch different objects (soft, hard..)
  • identify different sounds

Daily Schedule for Infants and Toddlers Example:

8:30 Welcoming of the Children and their Parents

It is very important that the child’s educator is present when the children arrive and welcoming them for the reason that it effects their day in a positive manner at the Centre.

9:00 Rinsing their little hands and then having breakfast. Speaking to them during meal in order to have a good day.

10:00 Tactile Play

It is very important to do activities with the babies and toddlers for their sensory for the reason that if their sensory is not supported it could effect their growth.

10:30 Active Play / Gross Motor

It is very important to do Gross Motor activities especially with the babies and toddlers for the reason in these age period that their

11:00 Diaper change, toileting and rinse their little hands.

It is very important to rinse their little hands when especially hand washing is one of the most effective ways to avoid viruses.

11:30 lunch time and brush teeth

Even if their babies it is very important to brush their teeth especially when they take baby formula and to have them drink only water before their nap time. If they are 18 months and over they should no longer take baby formula.

12:00 Nap time

1:30 Diaper change, toileting and rinse their little hands.

2:00 snack time

3:30 Rinse their little hands and getting them cleaned up.

It is very important to keep the babies clean and to keep their little nose clean in order to avoid the unwelcome germs.

3:00 Outing

It is very important to take the babies outdoors even if it’s for 5 minutes.

For the reason that they need fresh air and it stimulates their learning and their overall development.

3:30 Diaper change, toileting and rinse their little hand

It is very important to change their diapers as soon as it’s needed and to check often if needed for the reason that they could get a rash. It also effects their toilet training.

4:00 Story telling

It is very important that they are given story telling for the reason that it stimulates their language development when being spoken to.

4:15 Freeplay

4:45 Toys away

5:00 Pick up by parents

This schedule is adapted to the infant’s individual needs and the routine may vary accordingly.

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